According to the census of 2001, Bikaner has an average literacy rate of 66%, which is higher than the national average of 59.5%. The male literacy is 74% while female literacy in Bikaner is 57%. The primary level of education in Bikaner is widespread with most people in the city send their daughters and sons to the schools for their primary education. However, a majority of people have been engaged in handicraft, handloom and other professions where the importance of education is somewhat neglected.
There are so many primary and high schools in Bikaner. There are three Kendriya Vidyalayas or Central Schools in Bikaner. They are K.V. No. 1 on Jaipur road, K.V. No. 2 inside Army campus and K.V. No. 3 inside Air Force Station at Nal Bikaner. There are several convent schools like Bikaner Boys School, Sophia Senior Secondary School, Delhi Public School, Dayanand Public School and K.A.M. Children Secondary School.
In Bikaner, University of Bikaner (UOB) is a university for higher education located in Bikaner. This university is at present known as Maharaja Ganga Singh University. The Bikaner University was established in 2003 and is an important landmark in the growth of tertiary education not only in Bikaner but in the whole Rajasthan state. The University of Bikaner strives to address the unique issues of the local region through teaching and research.
There are also four Engineering colleges in Bikaner. They are Manda Institute of technology, Bikaner (located at Jaipur Road), Engineering College Bikaner, Marudhar Engineering College (located at Jaipur road), College of Engineering & Technology, Maharaja Ganga Singh University, Jaisalmer Road, Bikaner. There is also a newly opened veterinary University at Jaisalmer Road, Bikaner. Bikaner Technical University and Swami Keshvanand Rajasthan Agriculture University, Ganganagar Road, Bikaner are also institutions of higher education at Bikaner.
The University of Bikaner offers education in the streams of Science, Arts, Social Sciences, Commerce and Management, Law and Education. There are a number of professional courses conducted by the University which includes B.Ed., M.Ed., B.P.Ed., BCA, MCM, PGDCA, BBA, MBA, PGDSM, BFA, LL.B, LL.M, Diploma in Labor Law, Diploma in Criminology, Microbiology, Biotechnology and Biochemistry. There are about 250 colleges affiliated under the university which are spread in Bikaner, Churu, Sriganganagar and Hanumangarh districts.